Course Code: 
INTD 355
Course Type: 
Area Elective
Course Language: 
Course Objectives: 
To teach the ability to think discretely about spatial organization, the search and comprehension of function in design, structure, materials, connection between technology and form. Exemplification, fundementals and application of using geometrical theories and techniques with physical determinants at 2nd and 3rd dimensional product designs.
Course Content: 

Principles of structure, mechanical effects, materials, technology, form-structure relationship, basic historical development, traditional and contemporary structures, stacking, masonry, framework, surface/ shell, spatial/space frame, suspended-lifting/ tensile, stretching and pneumatic systems/ structures, structural basics at product design.

Course Methodology: 
1: Lecture, 2: Question and Answer, 3: Discussion
Course Evaluation Methods: 
A: Testing, C: Homework

Vertical Tabs

Course Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes Program Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1) Students understand the basic concepts and information about Structure 1,3,6,9 1,2,3 A,C
2) Students recognize the importance of structure and structural concept in interior architecture. 1,2,4,5,6 1,2,3 A,C
3) Students understand the relationship between, function, materials, technology, forms, etc.and  Structure  


1,2,3 A,C
4) Students gain the ability to analyze of different structural systems          3,4,6,7 1,2,3 A,C
5) Students gain the ability of abstract thinking on design and spatial organization. 1,3,6 1,2,3 A,C
6) Students understand the requirements and the methods of interdisciplinary study and application during design process.  


1,2,3 A,C
7) Students gain the ability to see the space, the design product as a whole and to analyse and synthesize them  


1,2,3 A,C



Course Flow

Week Topics Study Materials
1 Introduction, Definitions and Basic Concepts of Space, Structure in interior architecture and product design; Structure and Construction  
2 Mechanical effects and structure; The types and qualities of forces acting on the product; Stress-strain behavior; main mechanical effects  
3 Mechanical Effects and Structure; the forces acting on the product and Structural Systems; quality and quantity of loads, principles of strength  
4 Relationships between function, structure, material, technology and form; Examples; the basic principles  
5 An overview of traditional and contemporary structures;  a brief history of structures from early examples to Industrial Revolution.  
6 Masonry Structures; Properties, Materials and elements. An overview of structure and space cover  
7 Framework system: Basic features, formation principles and basic components of the system  
8 Midterm Exam-1  
9 Framework system, Main Components, characteristics,  Materials and Construction Methods.  
10 Truss Systems and Spatial Structures; General properties; typology, systems and form  
11 Suspended, Lifting, Hanging, Tension Structures and Tent systems: Materials and construction; space, and form  
12 Midterm Exam-2  
13 Shell Structures and their general properties; flat, folded and curvature structures; Materials, technology and form.  
14 Pneumatic Systems and their general properties; Materials, technology and form; Applications and exaples  
15 Make-up Exam Week (Changes will be announced in due time) 

/  Hybrid systems, General properties;structure, function, spatial and formal characteristics

16 Basic rules, concepts and issues related to structures/ systems; General considerations  


Recommended Sources

Textbook [1] "Structure Lecture Notes", Yeditepe University, Dept. of Interior Architecture. (Review of Literature)


2] BAYÜLGEN, C., “Çağdaş Strüktür Sistemleri”, YTÜ Yay.No.:MF-MİM   93.054, Istanbul, 1993

[3] GERÇEK, C., “Yapıda Taşıyıcı Sistemler”, Yaprak Yayınevi, Ankara

[4] Engel, H., “Strüktür Sistemleri”, Tasarım Yayın Grubu, İstanbul, 2004

[5] GÖKÇE, G., “Strüktür”, Yapı Dergisi, No:40

[6] “Introd. to Structural Systems”, ARCHITECTONICS, MIT,L.Code 4.441

[7] Eriç, M., “Yapı Fiziği ve malzemesi”, Literatür Yy., İstanbul, 1994

[8] ÇELİK O.C., “Strüktür Maddesi”, Eczacıbaşı Sanat Ansiklopedisi,YEM Yy., 1997

[9] SALVADORI, M., “Why Buildings Stad Up”, Norton & Co. NY, London, 1990

[10] ERSOY, H.Y., “Kompozit Malzeme”, Literatür Yy., İstanbul, 2002



Material Sharing

Documents Lecture notes and additional documents if necessary




Mid-terms 2 80
Quizzes - -
Homework 2 20
Total   100
Total   100






COURSE CATEGORY Expertise/Field  Courses



Course’s Contribution to Program

No Program Learning Outcomes Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 The ability of applying artistic and technical knowledge in developing contemporary and genuine designs within the scope of interior architectural discipline.         X
2 The ability of understanding the interaction between people and the physical environment.   X      
3 The capability of thinking and expressing in two and three dimensional ways within the design process.         X
4 The ability of analytical researching, critical approach developing and problem solving in the field of art and design.       X  
5 The ability of establishing the relationship between the past, present and the future and evaluating design applications within the historical and artistic process.     X    
6 The ability of using techniques and technology to realise contemporary interior architectural applications.         X
7 The ability of having control on different architectural scales and solving the details within the process of designing interior space and equipments.   X      
8 The ability to develop approaches on conservation and reuse at national and local level          
9 The ability of being versatile in working at interdisciplinary applications and teamwork.       X  
10 The abilitity of knowledge and application of  practice of occupational standards, regulations, ordinances and the rules of law. X        
11 The ability of  establishing effective communication and expressing ideas within the visual, oral and literary field.          
12 The ability of to follow- up the developments within practice of design and to develop awareness of lifelong learning.   X      




Activities Quantity Duration
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours) 16 2 32
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 3 48
Mid-terms 2 2 4
Homework 2 3 6
Final examination 1 2 2
Total Work Load     92
Total Work Load / 25 (h)     3,68
ECTS Credit of the Course     4