Course Code: 
INTD 243
Course Period: 
Course Type: 
Course Language: 
Course Objectives: 
Architectural analysis of the buildings from the beginning until the Middle Ages. The aim of this course is to develop an understanding of the historical development of architecture within the context of geographical, political, psychological, socio-cultural and aesthetic requirements of societies.
Course Content: 

This course covers the development of monumental and minor architecture worldwide, from Prehistoric times until the Middle Ages in chronological order, by integrating them with the social, economic and cultural context. Prehistoric civilizations (Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Anatolian, Minoan, Mycenaean), Ancient Indian, Traditional Chinese and Japanese architecture, Classical Period (Greek and Roman), Early Christian and Byzantine architecture are the subjects of this course.

Course Methodology: 
1: Lecture, 2: Question and Answer 3: Discussion 9: Demonstration, 12: Case Study
Course Evaluation Methods: 
A: Testing

Vertical Tabs

Course Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes Program Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1) Explains the basic features of the architectural styles. 2, 5, 11 1, 2, 3, 9, 12 A
2) Comprehends the development of architectural history from Prehistory until the Middle Ages. 2, 5, 11 1, 2, 3, 9, 12 A
3) Gains the ability of evaluating the architectural approaches of different societies and geographical regions. 4, 5, 8, 12 1, 2, 3, 9, 12 A
4) Analyzes the relationship of architecture and socio-cultural facts. 4, 5, 8, 12 1, 2, 3, 9, 12 A
5) Relates architectural approaches and historical developments. 2, 5, 8, 11 1, 2, 3, 9, 12 A



Course Flow


Weekly Topics and Related Preparatory Pages

   Topics Preparation
Introduction to history of architecture  
The prehistory in Europe and in Anatolia.  
The rise of cities in the Near East and Sumerian-Assyrian civilizations.  
      Pyramids and Temples in Egypt from the Old Kingdom to the

     New Kingdom.

Th  The Bronze Age in the Aegean Sea and Anatolia: Minoan  & My Mycenaean Civilizations  
The Greek Temple and the Persian palace  
Polis and the Acropolis: shape the city and its symbolic places; Hellenism.  
Roman planned settlements, Pompeii, and Rome  
Caput Mundi Imperial Rome  
Eastern civilizations (Ancient Indian, Traditional Chinese and Japanese Architecture)  
From Late Roman to the Byzantine Architecture  
MAKE-UP EXAM Hagia Sophia and SS. Sergius and Bacchus  
Review of all the subjects discussed.  

Recommended Sources

Text Book / Lecture Notes -Kostof, Spiro. A History of Architecture : Settings and Rituals, New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

-Roth, Leland M., Understanding Architecture: It’s Elements, History and Meaning, Westview Press, 2007.

Recommended Readings / Other Sources -Borden, D. ve Elzanowski, J. ve diğ., Mimarlık, NTV, 2009.

-Cragoe, C.D., Binalar Nasıl Okunur,? YEM, İstanbul, 2011.

-Hasol, D., Ansiklopedik Mimarlık Sözlüğü, YEM, İstanbul, 1998.

-Martin, Roland. Greek Architecture, Milan: Electa Architecture, 2003.

-Melvin, J., ...izmler, Mimarlığı Anlamak, YEM, İstanbul, 2007.

-Mutlu, B., Mimarlık Tarihi Ders Notları, Mimarlık Vakfı, 2016.

-Norberg-Schulz, C., Architecture: Meaning and Place, Rizzoli International Publications, New York, 1988.

-Özer, B., Kültür, Sanat, Mimarlık, YEM, İstanbul, 2000.

-Pile, J., A History of Interior Design, Laurence King Publishing, London, 2009.

-Ward-Perkins, John B., Roman Architecture, Milan : Electa Architecture, 2003.

Material Sharing



Midterm Exams 1 50
Evaluation of Comprehension on Subject    
Laboratory work    
Field work    
Seminar and presentation classroom exercises    
Application Exam    
Percentage of Midterm Works on Passing Grade    
Percentage of Midterm Exams on Passing Grade   50
Percentage of the final exam   50
Total   100


COURSE CATEGORY Expertise/Field Courses


Course’s Contribution to Program

Nr Programme Qualifications Contribution Level
1 2 3 4 5
  2-The ability of understanding the interaction between people and the physical environment.       x  
  4-The ability of analytical researching, critical approach developing and problem solving in the field of art and design.         x
  5-The ability of establishing the relationship between the past, present and the future and evaluating design applications within the historical and artistic process.         x
  8-The ability to develop approaches on conservation and reuse at national and local level x        
  11-The ability of establishing effective communication and expressing ideas within the visual, oral and literary field.       x  
  12-The ability of to follow- up the developments within practice of design and to develop awareness of lifelong learning.       x  


Level of Qualification
1 Low
2 Low – intermediate
3 Intermediate
4 Advanced                                                                                                                 
5 Excellent



Activities Activities Duration (Hour) Total Student Work Load
Course Duration 15 2 30
Duration for out of Class Studies (pre-works, reviews) 15 2 30
Presentation / Seminar preparation      
Midterm exams 2 2 4
Quiz 1 1 1
Field works      
Semester final exams 1 2 2
Total Student Work Load     67
Total Student Work Load /25     2,68
ECTS Credit of the Course     3