Course Code: 
ARCH 440
Course Type: 
Area Elective
Course Language: 
Course Objectives: 
This course aims to investigate Ottoman Architecture periods after the Westernization in the 18th century theoretically and morphologically. It’s basic aim is to give the student the ability to read the Late Ottoman Architecture periods along with their theoretical and political backgrounds.
Course Content: 

Late Ottoman Architecture, Ottoman Westernization, 1720-1923

Course Methodology: 
1: Lecture, 2: Question-Answer, 3: Discussion, 4: Seminar, 5: Project, 6: Teamwork; 7:Technical excursion
Course Evaluation Methods: 
A: Testing, B: Jury, C: Homework, D:Quiz, E:Internship

Vertical Tabs

Course Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes Program Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
  1. Student acquires the ability to develop critical thinking and evaluate opposing views.
1, 3 1, 2, 3, 4 A, C, D
  1. Student acquires the ability to reach and assess relevant information about world architectural researches/projects.
1, 3 1, 2, 3, 4 A, C, D
  1. Student develops skills in communication on world architectural researches/projects.
1, 3 1, 2, 3, 4 A, C, D

Course Flow

Week Topics Preparation
1 Classic Ottoman Architecture: Remindings  
2 Westernization Concept; Ottoman Westernization and Tulip period Architecture  
3 Ottoman Architecture in the 18th century; new functions and ornamentation languages  
4 18th Century Western – Ottoman comparison: Baroque and Rococo  
5 Early 19th Century: Nizam-I Cedid, Imperial Style, new palaces, mosques and military buildings  
6 Buildings and transformations of the new urban areas in the Capital in Tanzimat Era  
7 Midterm I  
8 Orientalism in Ottoman Architecture  
9 Ottoman representations in 19th century World Fairs  
10 Foreign Master Builders and Architects in the 19th century: Armenians and Rums  
11 Foreign Master Builders and Architects in the 19th century: Levantines  
12 19th century Ottoman Palaces: Dolmabahçe, Yıldız and Seaside palaces  
13 Ottoman Revivalism and I. National Architecture  
14 Introduction to Early Republican Architecture  

Recommended Sources

Lecture Notes Students are expected to take notes.
Other Sources - Afife Batur; A Concise History: Architecture in Turkey During the 20th Century; 2005.

- Oya Şenyurt; Osmanlı’da Mimari Mekan ve Yaşam Zamanın Mekanları Mekanın Zamanları; 2018.

-Turgut Saner; 19. Yüzyıl İstanbul Mimarlığında “Oryantalizm”; 1998.

- Zeynep Çelik; Şark’ın Sergilenişi 19. Yüzyıl Dünya Fuarlarında İslam Mimarisi; 2005.

- Oya Şenyurt; Osmanı Mimarisinin Temel İlkeleri; 2017.

- Zeynep Çelik; 19. Yüzyılda Osmanlı Başkenti Değişen İstanbul; 2019.

- Oya Şenyurt; Osmanlı Mimarlık Örgütlenmesinde Değişim ve Dönüşüm; 2011.

- Paolo Girardelli and Ezio Godoli; Italian Architects and Builders in the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey; 2017.

- Edhem Eldem, Daniel Goffman, Bruce Masters; Doğu İle Batı Arasında Osmanlı Kenti Halep, izmir ve İstanbul; 2017.

Material Sharing

Exams 1 Midterm, Final Exam


Mid-term Exams 1 %40
Homework    %10
Project (Assignment)    
Field survey    
Final Exam (Final Project) 1 %50
Contribution of Final Examination to Overall Grade   %50
Contribution of In-term Studies to Overall Grade    %50
Total   100
Course Category  Expertise/Field Courses

Course’s Contribution to Program

Program Learning Outcomes 
Contribution Level

 (1: lowest,                               5: highest )

1 2 3 4 5
1 Critical thinking skills: Ability to develop clear and open questions, use abstract ideas to express ideas, evaluate opposing views, reach to the well-examined results and test them with similar criteria and standards         x
2 Communication / Graphic communication skills: Ability to formally express each stage of planning and design process with various techniques including hand-drawings and information technologies to create appropriate presentations; to have an ability of a complete and accurate technical description and documentation of the project          
3 Research skills/ Ability of Utilization from Examples: Ability to obtain relevant information, assessment, recording and apply during the architectural processes; the ability to discover examples that are appropriate to program and form, concerning the composition and development of architectural and urban projects         x
4 Design skills: Understanding the creation, development and implementation processes of two and three dimension design, architectural composition, and visual perception and organization in urban design, ability to apply basic architectural principles in building, interiors and layout          
5 World architecture: Comprehending the rules of world  architecture, landscape and urban design, and also the climatic, technological, socio-economic and cultural factors which shape these principles          
6 Regional Architecture / Cultural Diversity: Comprehending the effects of national traditions and historical heritage in national and vernacular architecture including local architecture, landscape and urban design.          
7 Cultural Heritage and Conservation: Having awareness of the protection of historical areas as well as the basic principles for the documentation of historical monuments and buildings for the preparation of their restoration projects.          
8 Sustainability: Conservation of artificial sources which also include naturally and culturally significant buildings and spaces, regarding the role of sustainability in the architectural and urban design decisions and understanding the formation of healthy buildings and establishments            
9 Social Responsibility: Comprehending  the needs, behaviors, social and spatial patterns which characterize different cultures          
10 Nature and Human: Understanding the interaction between physical environment and humans          
11 Geographical Conditions: Ability to design settlement and building considering the natural and artificial properties of site            
12 Life safety: Understanding the basic principles of life safety systems with an emphasis on the topic of emergency exits          
13 Structural systems: Understanding the behavioral principles of standing structures with vertical and horizontal forces and the development and application of contemporary load-bearing systems          
14 Building Physics and Environmental Systems: Understanding the basic principles of lighting, acoustics, air-conditioning and energy use in the design of environmental systems.          
15 Building Shell Systems: Understanding the materials and basic design systems and correct application types of building shells          
16 Building Service Systems : Understanding the basic design principles of building service systems composing,  plumbing , electric , vertical circulation, communication, security and fire safety systems          
17 Construction Materials and Applications: Understanding the principles and standards of building materials and components in terms of production and applications.          
18 Integration of Building Systems: Ability of evaluation, selection and integration of building service systems, environment, security and building shells in building design.          
19 Program Organization and Evaluation: The ability to evaluate an architectural project with a comprehensive program, according to the design criteria concerning the client, user requirements, appropriate precedents, space and equipment requirements, site conditions and related laws and standards          
20 Comprehensive Project Development: Ability to improve and evaluate an architectural project with comprehensive program from graphical design to system details (Structural and environmental systems, security, etc.)          
21 Control of Building Cost: Within the framework of the design project; understanding the basics of finance, building economy and cost control          
22 Architect-Employer Relationship: Understanding the responsibility of analyzing the requirements of the owner and customer as an architect          
23 Teamwork and Collaboration: Ability to enhance individual skills and take on different roles through identification and work as a member of the design team , in conjunction with other environments          
24 Project Management: Understanding the duty of tasking, contracting, personnel management, consultants, project delivery methods and service agreement           
25 Application Management: Understanding issues of office organization, business planning, marketing, financial management, project management, risk mitigation, the basic principles of leadership and the profession of issues affecting the globalization, outsourcing, project delivery, expanding practice that support the profession of architecture           
26 Leadership: Understanding the pioneer role of the architect in the process of project and design for contract administration          
27 Legal Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding the legal responsibilities of the architect in building design and construction such as public health, safety and well-being, property rights, zoning and housing regulations, user rights which affect architectural studies          
28 Architectural Practice / Professional Development: Understanding the role of the internship in professional development, and  mutual rights and responsibilities of the employer and the trainee          
29 Professional Ethics: Understanding the ethical issues that are related to the professional adjudication in architectural design and practice          


Course Duration (14 weeks x total work hours) 14 3 42
Workload outside the classroom (research and reviews) 14 4 56
Homework 1 10 10
Midterm Exams 1 1,5 1,5
Field survey       
Final exam (Final Project) 1 2 2
Total work load      111,5
Total work load / 25     4,5
ECTS of the course     5